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Artificial intelligence in neuroscience: a system to turn thoughts into text

Artificial intelligence While artificial intelligence  has recently become a hot topic in technology, it has also become a hot topic in science.

Artificial intelligence is being researched by scientists in a variety of domains.

For example, a peer-reviewed study published in the Monday issue of Nature Neuroscience magazine demonstrated how it may be applied to brain activity.

Scientists developed a noninvasive artificial intelligence system that can convert people’s brain activity into a stream of text, according to the research.

Artificial intelligence & neuroscience

By making large-scale neuroscience datasets more efficient and accurate to examine, Artificial intelligence  can benefit neuroscience.

It has the promise of producing more accurate models of neural systems and processes.

Artificial intelligence can also aid in the development of new diagnostic tools and treatments for neurological diseases.

The system

The system is known as a semantic decoder.

It may be beneficial to those who have lost their physical ability to communicate as a result of a stroke, paralysis, or other degenerative illnesses.

The technology was developed by academics at the University of Texas in Austin using a transformer model.

The transformer paradigm is similar to OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Google’s Bard.

Participants in the most recent trial taught the decoder in an fMRI machine by listening to hours of podcasts.

It is also a larger piece of equipment used to monitor brain activity.

The semantic decoder does not require surgical implantation.


Artificial intelligence can help neuroscience create techniques for thoughts to become text by using machine learning algorithms to evaluate brain activity patterns associated with language processing.

By analyzing patterns of brain activity, artificial intelligence systems may distinguish certain words or phrases that a person is thinking about and then use this information to generate associated text output.

This technology has the potential to revolutionize communication for individuals who are unable to speak or type, such as those suffering from severe paralysis or communication issues.

More research, however, must be done to enhance the accuracy and reliability in these systems, as well as tackle the ethical and privacy concerns connected to accessing and interpreting people’s thoughts.


The artificial intelligence system creates a stream of text when users are listening to or imagining telling a new tale.

The prepared text may not be an exact transcript, but it was meant to give basic notions or ideas by the researchers.

According to a new release, the trained system creates language that around half of the time closely fits the intended context of the participant’s original thinking.

For example, if a participant in the experiment overheard the words “I don’t have my driver’s license yet,” the response would be “She hasn’t even begun to learn to drive yet.”

Read also: Snapchat and its AI set off alarm among parents

The absence of implants

One of the study’s key researchers, Alexander Huth, stated:

“For a noninvasive method, this is a real leap forward compared to what’s been done before, which is typically single words or short sentences.”

“We’re getting the model to decode continuous language for extended periods of time with complicated ideas.”

The semantic decoder, unlike earlier decoding systems under development, does not require surgical implants, making it noninvasive.

In addition, participants are not forced to utilize just terms from a preset list.

Potential misuse

Concerns regarding the technology’s potential misuse were also addressed by the researchers.

According to the study, decoding only worked when people volunteered to educate the decoder.

The results of individuals who did not use the decoder were unintelligible.

Furthermore, participants who used the decoder but showed resistance produced useless results.

“We take very seriously the concerns that it could be used for bad purposes and have worked to avoid that,” said researcher Jerry Tang.

“We want to make sure people only use these types of technologies when they want to and that it helps them.”

Due to the time required on an fMRI machine, it is only available for use in the laboratory.

The findings, according to the researchers, might be extended to other, more portable brain-imaging methods, such as functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS).

“fNIRS measures where there’s more or less blood flow in the brain at different points in time, which, it turns out, is exactly the same kind of signal that fMRI is measuring,” said Huth.

“So, our exact kind of approach should translate to fNIRS.”

Snapchat and its AI set off alarm among parents

Snapchat With the AI movement in full swing, it’s no wonder that practically every tech business wants a piece of the action.

Snapchat, the multimedia instant messaging service, just launched My AI to make its claim in the AI competition.

While the technology has its appeal, it is also causing concern among teenagers and parents.

Read also: Bitcoin mining to welcome SV2 and change the status quo

What happened?

Lyndi Lee, of East Prairie, Missouri, advised her 13-year-old daughter not to use the function.

Lee, who works at a software company, is concerned about how My AI seems to younger users.

“It’s a temporary solution until I know more about it and can set some healthy boundaries and guidelines,” said Lee.

“I don’t think I’m prepared to know how to teach my kid how to emotionally separate humans and machines when they essentially look the same from her point of view.”

“I just think there is a really clear line [Snapchat] is crossing.”


The most current Snapchat feature was recently released.

It is driven by ChatGPT, a platform that makes suggestions, responds to questions, and interacts with users.

However, there are some significant differences:

  • Users can customize the chatbots name
  • Users can design custom Bitmoji avatars for the AI
  • Users can bring conversations with friends

When compared to the ChatGPT website, interacting with the chatbot may feel less transactional.

It also blurs the distinction between talking to humans and communicating to robots.


Snapchat’s new feature is receiving harsh feedback in app stores and social media for privacy concerns.

Other users have reported creepy exchanges and the inability to remove My AI from their chat feed without paying for a premium subscription.

Despite the fact that some people find the tool useful, the mixed reaction highlights the risks that companies face when incorporating generative AI technology into their products, particularly for brands like Snapchat, where the audiences are young.

When OpenAI offered up access to ChatGPT to third-party enterprises, Snapchat was one of the early launch partners.

Snapchat nearly overnight spurred families and policymakers to express originally speculative concerns.

In March, shortly after My AI was added to Snap’s subscription subscribers, Democratic Sen. Michael Bennett wrote a letter to the CEOs of Snap and other internet companies.

Bennet expressed reservations about the chatbot’s interactions with younger users.

According to sources, it might show how youngsters can deceive their parents.

“These examples would be disturbing for any social media platform, but they are especially troubling for Snapchat, which almost 60 percent of American teenagers use,” Bennet wrote.

“Although Snap concedes My AI is ‘experimental,’ it has nevertheless rushed to enroll American kids and adolescents in its social experiment.”

Snap responded recently, saying:

“My AI is far from perfect, but we’ve made a lot of progress.”


Snapchat users have raised worries since its official introduction.

After the chatbot lied about not knowing his location, one user described his interaction as terrifying.

The chatbot revealed he resided in Colorado after adjusting the tone of the conversation.

Ariel recorded a song with an intro, chorus, and piano tracks created by My AI on what it’s like to be a chatbot in a TikTok video.

When she returned the song, the chatbot denied any participation, stating:

“I’m sorry, but as an AI language model, I don’t write songs.”

Snapchat stated that it will continue to improve My AI based on user input, building more safeguards to keep users secure.

Users can also choose not to communicate with My AI, according to the company.

However, dropping My AI from chat feeds cannot be done unless they pay for Snapchat+, a premium service.

Some gave in and disabled the tool before canceling the service.

Teens and chatbots

ChatGPT has previously been chastised for providing false information, improperly reacting to users, and providing students with access to cheating.

However, Snapchat’s integration may exacerbate existing issues while creating new ones.

According to New York clinical psychologist Alexandra Hamlet, several patients’ parents were concerned about how their adolescent might engage with Snapchat’s service.

Concerns have also been raised concerning chatbot advice, particularly about mental health issues.

AI technologies have the potential to enhance someone’s confirmation bias and lead them to seek out interactions that support their problematic notions.

“If a teen is in a negative mood and does not have the awareness desire to feel better, they may seek out a conversation with a chatbot that they know will make them feel worse,” said Hamlet.

“Over time, having interactions like these can erode a teens’ sense of worth, despite their knowing that they are really talking to a bot.”

“In an emotional state of mind, it becomes less possible for an individual to consider this type of logic.”

According to WAYE founder Sinead Bovell, parents must stress that the chatbot is not their friend.

“They’re also not your therapist or a trusted adviser, and anyone interacting with them needs to be very cautious, especially teenagers who may be more susceptible to believing what they say,” said Bovell.

“Parents should be talking to their kids now about how they shouldn’t share anything with a chatbot that they would a friend – even though, from a user design perspective, the chatbot exists in the same corner of Snapchat.”

Whale sharks studied for pregnancy with new method

Whale sharksThe beauty of science and technology is that they help us learn more about subjects we were previously interested in.

It wasn’t until the 1950s and 1970s that doctors began utilizing ultrasonography for pregnancy testing.

Since then, similar advances have enabled humans to monitor the pregnancy of animals, mostly smaller animals such as cats and dogs.

Recent studies, however, may have discovered a way to understand more about how whale sharks breed.

Initial thoughts

Scientists previously thought that swollen patches on the undersides of female whale sharks indicated pregnancy.

However, for the first time, a procedure for free-swimming animals was used, demonstrating that it was merely skin and muscle.

The humps, like breasts in humans, may constitute a secondary sex feature in adult females, according to researchers in the March 23 edition of Endangered Species Research.

The ultrasound is one among several novel technologies being explored by scientists to learn more about whale shark reproduction, including underwater “jet packs” and blood testing.

The animal

Whale sharks, or Rhincodon typus, are listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Only an estimated 100,000 to 238,000 ocean inhabitants remain in the world, representing a greater than 50% reduction over the previous 75 years.

Whale sharks have an average length of 12 meters and a speed of five kilometers per hour.

Whale shark reproductive biology is unknown to scientists due to the creature’s scarcity.

Biologists gained their expertise by investigating a pregnant female taken by a commercial fishing boat in 1995.

“Protecting organisms without knowing about their biology is like trying to catch a fly with our eyes closed,” said Okinawa Churashima Foundation fishers biologist Rui Matsumoto.

The Okinawa Churashima Foundation conducts research on subtropical animals and plants in order to develop and preserve natural resources in national parks.

Read also: Pinduoduo discovered to use malware to access users privacy data


Matsumoto worked with Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium shark researcher Kiyomi Murakumo to learn more about whale sharks and how to stay up with them.

To swim alongside the whale sharks, the researchers donned underwater jet packs (attacked scuba tanks with propellers).

The scientists then positioned a 17-kilogram suitcase with a waterproof ultrasonography wand over the undersides of 22 female whale sharks swimming near the Galápagos Islands, extracting blood with needles from their discoveries.

Until the study, the ultrasound wand has never been used on free-swimming animals outside of an aquarium.

The two experiments were difficult, according to research coauthor and Marine Megafauna Foundation whale shark biologist Simon Pierce.

The Marine Megafauna Foundation is a non-profit organization dedicated to marine conservation via research.

The whale shark has some of the thickest skin of any animal, measuring roughly 30 centimeters thick, according to Pierce.

Another issue was that the seawater might contaminate the blood samples.

To meet the difficulty, researchers devised a two-syringe device in which the first syringe creates a vacuum while the second syringe draws blood.

Lab tests

The scientists then transported the samples to the lab, where they discovered that the hormone levels in the blood samples from six females were identical to those observed in imprisoned immature females in aquariums.

The findings indicated that the wild females were too young to breed.

Ultrasound pictures revealed egg follicles in two of the 22 female sharks, indicating that the females were sexually mature but not pregnant.

Tech innovations

Noninvasive approaches used on whale sharks have paved the way for researchers to understand more about other vulnerable marine creatures.

Waterproof ultrasonography wands installed on poles are now employed on tiger sharks in regions where the predators are enticed in with food, according to Simon Pierce.

Rachel Graham, a marine conservation scientist and the creator of the MarAlliance, believed that inventing the underwater sampling approach was pioneering.

She is skeptical that free-roaming wild sea species, such as faster-swimming sharks or other marine mammals, will accept such testing.

“What makes whale sharks fairly unique… is that they move relatively slowly at times, have the ability to remain stationary,” Graham pointed out.

“They tolerate the presence of other animals – such as us – nearby.”

Graham has researched sharks all throughout the world.

According to Pierce, the new approaches might reveal researchers where whale sharks give birth via satellite tracking.

Little is known about whale shark pups, including whether they are born in shallow or deep water, if they are born one at a time, and whether moms cluster to give birth.

“Assuming they do have some sort of breeding or pelagic nursery area we can identify… then that obviously goes quite a long way towards conserving the population,” said Pierce.

Bitcoin mining to welcome SV2 and change the status quo

Bitcoin mining — Bitcoin mining is the process of confirming transactions and producing new Bitcoins by solving tough mathematical problems using powerful computers.

Miners earn Bitcoin by completing problems. 

The procedure consumes a substantial amount of power and has become a problematic subject due to its environmental effect.

Bitcoin mining tools are software or hardware components used to mine Bitcoin.

In order to collect Bitcoin incentives, these technologies utilize massive amounts of computing power to validate transactions and solve challenging mathematical riddles.

ASICs (application-specific integrated circuits) are used for hardware mining, whereas software applications like CGMiner and BFGMiner are used for software mining.

Bitcoin mining requires mining equipment, the success of which is governed by computer power and energy efficiency.

Controlling the power

The power of Bitcoin mining pools is one of the most often disputed subjects in the crypto realm.

Some argue that they overly centralized Bitcoin.

Stratum V2, a Bitcoin mining improvement, seeks to answer the question.

The open source version of the Stratum V2 (SV2) protocol was recently provided by Stratum Reference Implementation (SRI) developers.

They claimed to have completed “job negotiation,” which is critical for the larger Bitcoin business since it gives pools with less control in transaction selection.

Mining is important to Bitcoin’s success because it compensates miners all around the globe for the computing power required to secure the network.

Anyone who goes in alone with the necessary equipment will almost likely lose money.

Miners frequently join mining pools to pool their resources and increase their chances of winning Bitcoin rewards.


Since 2018, Bitcoin developers have been working on Sv2, which would let miners join mining pools more quickly, making mining safer and more efficient.

“Job negotiation” is the most important piece, and it was added in the latest upgrade.

Stratum V1, while excellent, is not without flaws.

“[In] pooled mining, [the] entire network is prone to censorship, since mining pools are a single point of failure – a trusted third party,” explained pseudonymous Bitcoin program manager Pavlenex.

“Regulators could force mining pools to not include certain transactions in a block for example.”

After Bitcoin mining pools integrate SV2, the restriction might be lifted.

Read also: ChatGPT raises schoolwork problems

Transaction censorship

Bitcoin’s ultimate goal is to become a money that is not controlled by any corporation or government.

Centralization, on the other hand, is a common occurrence.

Many people are worried that Bitcoin mining pools will centralize power.

The pool manager has the power to halt certain transactions when mining pools use the Stratum V1 protocol.

Mining pools, for example, may be used by governments as a disincentive to transactions that they do not approve of.

There have been worries for years, and mining pools have a reputation for filtering transactions.


According to the most recent SRI upgrade, the responsibility of transaction selection is now assigned to individual miners, taking the target off the backs of mining pools.

Rather than addressing Foundry USA directly and requesting that particular transactions be halted, governments or other censorship agencies would have to go through all of the miners that comprise Foundry to carry out the request.

“For the entire network, the ability for miners to select transactions means that the power goes back from a handful of powerful entities back to thousands of individual miners,” said Pavlenex.


Because developers are currently working on SRI, mining pools have yet to adopt SV2.

Pavlenex is searching for early testers to put the program through its paces while it is still under production.

“We’d like to invite miners, pools, and firmware makers to help us test out our latest update, provide feedback and directly influence the direction of our development,” he said.

Pavlenex believes that Bitcoin mining pools will welcome the new SV2 protocols.

Aside from the enhanced efficiency, many miners despise having to deal with blocking transactions.

“[Pools are] likely to adopt SV2 because they don’t really want to be a central point of failure either,” he said.

“It’s a big responsibility, and our latest update helps them get rid of that pressure and risk.”

Pinduoduo discovered to use malware to access users privacy data

PinduoduoAccording to cybersecurity experts, Pinduoduo, one of China’s most popular shopping apps, may snoop on users.

The program may be able to bypass mobile phone security in order to spy on other apps on the device.

In addition, the app can monitor notifications, change settings, and access private communications.

The app is tough to get rid of.

The investigation

Pinduoduo takes violations of privacy and data security to a new level.

Several programs collect massive amounts of user data without authorisation, but Pinduoduo takes it to a new level.

The crisis at the e-commerce behemoth was found by cybersecurity teams from Asia, Europe, and the United States, as well as former and current Pinduoduo employees.

Several researchers detected malware on the app that can attack vulnerabilities in Android operating systems.

Insiders said the vulnerabilities were used to promote sales by targeting customers and competitors.

According to Mikko Hyppönen, chief research officer of Finland’s WithSecure:

“We haven’t seen a mainstream app like this trying to escalate their privileges to gain access to things that they’re not supposed to gain access to.”

“This is highly unusual, and it is pretty damning for Pinduoduo.”

TikTok & security concerns

The finding of malware in Pinduoduo comes at a time when TikTok and data security are causing significant concern.

The revelations are anticipated to divert focus to its brother program, Temu, which is currently sweeping the United States.

Temu has not been mentioned, but Pinduoduo’s alleged activities may affect the growth of its sibling app.

So yet, no evidence of Pinduoduo sending data to the Chinese government has been discovered.

Yet, US lawmakers have raised concern about firms based in China being compelled to assist with security measures.

Initial suspension

Pinduoduo was withdrawn from the Google Play Store in March after malware was discovered in older versions of the app.

A Russian cybersecurity outfit identified possible malware as well, according to Bloomberg.

Earlier, the company refuted allegations and concerns that the software is dangerous.

Rise of an empire

Pinduoduo, while today well-known for its online shopping, had humble beginnings.

It was founded in 2015 in Shanghai by Colin Huang, a former Google employee.

The app began as an underdog in a market dominated by Alibaba and

Pinduoduo was successful by giving steep discounts, encouraging group purchases from friends and family, and focusing on low-income rural regions.

According to financial records, the company thrived until around the middle of 2020, when monthly users dropped to around 50%, continuing a decreasing trend.

By 2020, the company had a team of 100 engineers and product managers looking for vulnerabilities in Android phones and flaws to exploit and profit from.

According to an anonymous insider, the company only targeted people in rural and small towns, avoiding major cities like Beijing and Shanghai.

“The goal was to reduce the risk of being exposed,” they explained.

The business was able to create a portrait of consumers’ actions and interests using user activity data.

According to the insider, the data also allowed the company to improve its machine-learning model, allowing it to give more personalized notifications and adverts.

In early March, suspicions regarding the squad’s actions led to its disbandment.

Read also: Galaxy S23 maintains consistency with minor changes


An independent assessment of the app’s 6.49.0 version was undertaken by Check Point Research, Oversecured, and WithSecure researchers.

When Google shut down Pinduoduo in March, it cited the detection of malware in off-Play versions as the reason.

Researchers identified privilege escalation malware, which attacks weak operating systems to get unauthorized access to data.

“Our team has reverse engineered that code and we can confirm that it tries to escalate rights, tries to gain access to things normal apps wouldn’t be able to do on Android phones,” said Hyppönen.

According to the corporation, the application may run in the background and prevent itself from being deleted, hence raising monthly active user rates.

Pinduoduo may spy on competitors by watching their activity and gathering data.

Check Point Research uncovered methods for the app to avoid detection.

It employed a mechanism that allowed it to post updates without being subjected to app store reviews, which are often used to discover malicious apps.

Many plug-ins hid potentially malicious components under legitimate file names.

“Such a technique is widely used by malware developers that inject malicious code into applications that have legitimate functionality,” said experts.

Targeting Android

The Android operating system is used by three-quarters of Chinese smartphone users, while Apple iPhones account for 25% of the market.

According to Oversecured inventor Sergey Toshin, Punduoduo’s malware is targeting Android-based operating systems, notably Samsung, Huawei, Xiaomi, and Oppo.

Toshin describes the app as a mainstream entity that harbors the most lethal malware.

“I’ve never seen anything like this before,” he said. “It’s like, super expansive.”

Toshin determined that the program took use of more than 50 Android system vulnerabilities, each of which was meant for customized parts.

Pinduoduo also exploited AOSP flaws, one of which he disclosed to Google in February 2022.

Yet, it was fixed by Google in March of this year.

The exploit gave the app access to the following without the user’s knowledge:

  • Calendars
  • Contacts
  • Locations
  • Notifications
  • Photo albums

The malware may also change system settings, giving it access to users’ social media accounts and chats.

Law violation

Pinduoduo’s user base grew in the face of the Chinese government’s regulatory campaign on Big Tech, which began in late 2020.

By 2021, Beijing will have enacted its first comprehensive data privacy legislation, ensuring that no party inappropriately collects, manages, or transmits personal information.

“This would be embarrassing for the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, because this is their job,” said Trivium China tech policy expert Kendra Schaefer.

“They’re supposed to check Pinduoduo, and the fact that they didn’t find (anything) is embarrassing for the regulator.”

Experts in cybersecurity wondered why regulators did not step in on Chinese social media.

“Probably none of our regulators can understand coding and programming, nor do they understand technology,” an expert wrote on Weibo.

“You can’t even understand the malicious code when it’s shoved right in front of your face.”

ChatGPT raises schoolwork problems

ChatGPT Technological progress is always worth celebrating since it may make life easier.

However, there may be drawbacks, especially for schoolwork.

The AI race

Since the release of ChatGPT by OpenAI in late 2022, artificial intelligence has become the most popular topic on the internet.

The AI tool can do several tasks with a single command, making it ideal for academic work and administrative tasks.

The tool’s success drew the attention of millions of users.

In early 2023, Microsoft planned to invest $10 billion in OpenAI, more than tripling the company’s value to $29 billion.

Former OpenAI employees have joined Anthropic, a new company that is piloting its own chatbot, Claude.

Google launched Bard in early February, while Baidu, the Chinese search engine, unveiled the Ernie Bot in March.

Academic use

Although ChatGPT has launched a new era, it has also unleashed a wave of artificial intelligence that threatens to disrupt education.

According to a survey performed by Stanford University’s student-run newspaper, 17% of the university’s students will use ChatGPT on assignments and examinations by the end of 2022.

Because of ChatGPT’s near-perfect performance, some students even passed off the AI’s work as their own, and many are likely still getting away with it.

Room to learn

Brett Vogelsinger, a ninth-grade English teacher, stumbled upon a student’s essay when a paragraph caught his eye.

Despite the fact that the essay was a work in progress, Vogelsinger may have identified it as a ChatGPT inquiry if the student hadn’t copied and pasted it.

“It can outperform a lot of middle school kids,” said the English teacher.

Vogelsinger perceived the behavior as a chance rather than a cheat.

“[We’re] color-coding,” said the teacher.

The student’s writing was highlighted in green, whereas ChatGPT was in blue.

Brett Vogelsinger is supporting the student in deciding which AI assertions to expound on, allowing others to interact with the AI.

While most students have not used it on a regular basis, Vogelsinger believes it has assisted them in focusing on their ideas and getting started.

Other establishments

Brett Vogelsinger handled the problem successfully, but professors at other schools and universities are having difficulty with ChatGPT and other AI applications.

ChatGPT was banned in New York public schools in early January, thereby blocking the program on devices and networks.

Many teachers are concerned that students who use it would lack critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

Others expressed concern that the tool’s results may be hazardous or incorrect.

Similar limits have been imposed by other school districts in the United States and throughout the world.

Stanford computer science professor Keith Schwarz said he used traditional pencil-and-paper assessments to limit students’ use of ChatGPT.

Read also: Pinduoduo discovered to use malware to access users privacy data

The good

Despite the controversy surrounding ChatGPT and other artificial intelligence technologies, they may continue to benefit students.

It can, for example, reduce the amount of time required to write in the same way that a calculator simplifies mathematics or Google searches for facts.

The AI technology stunned Avani Rao, a high school sophomore from California.

“It’s so much more realistic than I thought a robot could be,” said Rao.

Rao has used ChatGPT to develop imaginative or ludicrous things, but not for educational purposes.

Because of the tool’s success, there are numerous ways it might help students learning a second language or those unable to produce sentences.

ChatGPT creates new and unique content, thus it does not plagiarize.

Students may also use the AI tool as a coach to assist them improve their writing and grammar or clarify challenges they are having.

“It really will tutor you,” said Vogelsinger.

According to one of his students, ChatGPT clearly presented a subject from their scientific lecture.

Educators may also use ChatGPT to create lesson plans, exercises, and tests, or to modify them to match the needs of specific students.

The program was tested using an academic essay by Xiaoming Zhai, a scientific education specialist at the University of Georgia.

He was astounded by the output due to its ability to combine knowledge and produce great writing.

“It’s really amazing,” said Zhai.

The bad

While AI technologies undoubtedly offer many advantages, they also have considerable disadvantages.

One of the most important difficulties is that because ChatGPT and comparable technologies do not use data from databases, they may make mistakes.

Instead, they are trained to compose new, natural-sounding works.

Language is remixed without comprehension, leading in mistakes.

For example, in 2023, the news website CNET was criticized for utilizing AI to publish a lot of inaccurate articles.

During early advertisements, the Bard chatbot made falsehoods about the James Webb Space Telescope.

ChatGPT is “confidently wrong,” according to Casey Fiesler, a tech ethics researcher at the University of Colorado Boulder.

“There are mistakes and bad information,” she pointed out.

Fiesler has also made TikTok videos about ChatGPT’s shortcomings.

The OpenAI tool’s training data is limited, extending back to before September 2021.

When asked for sources, the gadget made them up.

Xiaoming Zhai regards the tool as useful, but when he asked for citations, he realized its limits.

The findings looked to be correct, yet they did not exist.

Cosmic web found with shock waves by astronomers

Cosmic webBecause galaxies, stars, and other phenomena have yet to be found, the vastness of space is still unfathomable.

For the time being, scientists can only view through the lens of technology.

The same approach was used to identify the cosmic web, a massive tangle of galaxies, gas, and dark matter that makes up the observable universe.

Scientists have observed a shock wave traveling through the strands of the cosmic web.

The discovery

Astronomers merged hundreds of thousands of radio telescope images, revealing a faint glow from shock waves that move charged particles across the magnetic fields that run across the cosmic web.

The findings were published in the journal Science Advances on February 17th.

They speculated that identifying the shock waves may help astronomers better grasp large-scale magnetic fields.

Yet, the attributes and origins are still undetermined.

While not involved in the research, Marcus Brüggen, an astrophysicist at the University of Hamburg in Germany, said the result allows astronomers to corroborate what simulations had shown, namely the existence of shock waves.


Contrary to popular belief, galaxies are not evenly distributed.

Instead, ropy threads of dark matter, dilute gas, and galaxies connect them in huge clusters separated by mainly empty spaces.

Tugged gravity, merging galaxy clusters, colliding filaments, and gas from falling voids populate filaments and clusters.

During cosmic web simulations, massive shock waves are generated in and along filaments on a regular basis.

Although cosmic webs are mostly made up of filaments, they are more difficult to locate than galaxies.

Shock waves

Although scientists previously identified shock waves throughout galaxy clusters, Reinout van Weeren of Leiden University in the Netherlands asserts that filament shocks have never been observed before.

“But they should be basically all around the cosmic web,” said van Weeren.

Charged particles are accelerated through filament shock waves by magnetic fields that span the cosmic web.

If this occurs, particles produce light at frequencies visible only to radio telescopes.

The signals, on the other hand, are usually fairly feeble.

Read also: SWOT Mission will Study Earth’s Water

Building the image

Tessa Vernstrom, a radio astronomer at Australia’s International Centre for Radio Astronomy, emphasized that a single shock wave in a filament could not be detected.

“It’d look like noise,” she added.

Tessa Vernstrom and her colleagues integrated radio images from over 600,000 pairs of galaxy clusters that were close enough to be connected by filaments that might form a single “stacked” image.

It boosted the weaker signals, revealing a faint radio light emanating from the filaments connecting the clusters.

“When you can dig below the noise and still actually get a result – to me, that’s personally exciting,” said Vernstrom.

Regardless of its ambiguity, the signal is very contentious.

It also implies that radio waves are usually aligned with one another.

Shock waves

Highly polarized lights, according to van Weeren, are an uncommon event that can be accounted for by radio light produced by shock waves.

“So that’s really, I think, very good evidence for the fact that the shocks are likely indeed present.”

Moreover, the most recent discovery exceeds the confirmation of cosmic web modeling assumptions.

Polarized radio emissions can give an indirect view of the magnetic fields that run across the cosmos.

“These shocks are really able to show that there are large-scale magnetic fields that form [something] like a sheath around these filaments,” said Marcus Brüggen.

The origins of magnetic fields are still unknown, according to Brüggen, Reinout van Weeren, and Tessa Vernstrom.

The roles of fields in the development of the cosmic web are likewise unknown.

“It’s one of the four fundamental forces of nature, right? Magnetism,” said Vernstrom.

“But at least on these large scales, we don’t really know how important it is.”

Galaxy S23 maintains consistency with minor changes

Galaxy S23: Despite the fact that there are many companies competing for the top spot in the smartphone industry, two brands have dominated it.

In a close competition over the past 10 years, Apple and Samsung have contended against one another.

Samsung has always had the benefit of having a large selection of models, while Apple has regularly kept its lineups consistent.

Months after Apple debuted the iPhone 14, Samsung upgraded its top-tier Galaxy series with the S23 line.

The new phones

The Galaxy S23 phones are the most recent addition to enter Samsung’s iconic S-series lineup.

The S-series lineup’s most recent upgrades include the Samsung Galaxy S23, S23+, and S23 Ultra.

The top Android developers have made major hardware and software improvements for this year’s edition.

Despite the alterations, the tech titans maintained their approach and made hardly any changes to the devices.


One of the most significant improvements for the S23 phones that will be sold globally is their CPU.

The Qualcomm Snapdragon 8 Gen 2 processor, which will be welcomed by European customers, will be found exclusively in each model.

The Qualcomm chipset enables the phones’ faster clock rates than other 8 Gen 2 Chipsets.

The Galaxy S23 phones will also provide a selection of storage configurations.

Another characteristic carried over from past S-series handsets is the fixed 8GB RAM.

By supporting Bluetooth 5.3 and 6Ghz WiFi 6E, the Qualcomm CPU enhances connection.


The camera is one of the top features customers look for in smartphones.

Many Samsung loyalists still prefer the sharpness of the Android device’s cameras, despite the fact that Apple has always been the best in terms of quality.

For the S23 lineup, the cameras were upgraded.

Though less than the Ultras, the Galaxy S23 and S23+ include a number of significant updates.

From the 12MP on the S22 series, the phone’s Camera RAW software has greatly improved.

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It now takes pictures with a resolution of 50MP, making the most of the primary camera’s capabilities.

The camera’s 50MP sensor is still there, but the new Qualcomm chipset can take movies at high to 8K quality at 30 frames per second as opposed to last year’s 24 fps.

The 12MP ultra-wide camera and the 3x10MP telephone lenses, meanwhile, are still of the same quality as past models.

Nevertheless, a somewhat better 12MP selfie camera is included on all three Galaxy S23 models.

Now, 60FPS Super HDR is available while shooting videos.


While maintaining the fundamental design philosophy of the S22 series, the S23 series offers better screens.

The phones use flat Dynamic AMOLED 2X panels with an FHD+ resolution.

Furthermore, their refresh rates range from 48 to 120 Hz, and while they are in game mode, a 240 Hz touch sampling rate occurs.

The S23+ screen’s display extends to 6.6 inches, versus the standard Samsung Galaxy S23’s 6.1-inch screen.

Both versions have centered punch holes for the selfie cameras and keep the fingerprint reader underneath the screen.

Samsung has added two new features this year: Vision Booster and Enhanced Comfort.

In order to adjust the colors and contrasts to the lighting conditions, Vision Booster is deployed.

Enhance Comfort treats evenings in the same way, which reduces eye fatigue.

Battery life

For 2023, Samsung decided to extend the battery life of the S23 phones.

200mAh higher compared to the S22 series, they now have a battery life of 4,700mAh for the S23+ and 3,900mAh for the S23.

The standard model has a wired charging rate of 25W and can reach 50% in 30 minutes.

In comparison, the S23+ receives a stronger charge of 45W, reaching 65% in 30 minutes.

Both versions still support wireless charging and power sharing.

Other notes

The newest Samsung Galaxy S-series models, the S23 and S23+, copied the Ultra’s design philosophy by taking off the Contour Cut camera housing to show the three camera lenses.

They also have an IP68 rating for water and dust resistance.

The S23 phones are also the first ones on the market to employ the more resistant Gorilla Glass Victus 2.

Additionally manufactured from recyclable materials, the phone packaging.

The S23 phones come in four different color options: Cream, Green, Lavender, and Phantom Black.


The Samsung Galaxy S23’s pricing range is as follows:

Standard Samsung Galaxy S23

  • 8GB RAM + 128GB storage: $799
  • 8GB RAM + 256GB storage: $849
  • 8GB RAM + 512 storage: TBA

Samsung Galaxy S23+

  • 8GB RAM + 256GB storage (the new starting storage): $1,049
  • 8GB RAM + 512GB storage: TBA

Samsung Galaxy S23 Ultra

  • 8GB RAM + 256GB storage: $1,199
  • 12GB RAM + 256GB storage: $1,299
  • 12GB RAM + 512GB storage: $1,399
  • 12GB RAM + 1TB storage: TBA

Aaron Alfini Unleashes ‘Harness The Juice’ Empowering Organizations to Thrive Amidst the Tech Tsunami

Renowned author and technology expert Aaron Alfini has announced the upcoming release of his highly anticipated book, “Harness The Juice.” With an impressive track record of aiding startups and Fortune 100 companies in successful technology adoption, Alfini presents a groundbreaking exploration of the escalating pace of innovation and provides invaluable strategies to overcome adoption obstacles. 

In today’s digital landscape, where technological advancements shape the success of organizations, the struggle to adopt and integrate technology is a common challenge. Aaron Alfini, a creative who has always seen technology as his canvas, recognizes the urgent need to address these hurdles related to people, processes, and mindset. In “Harness The Juice,” Alfini dives deep into the heart of these obstacles, offering comprehensive insights and practical solutions to navigate the ever-changing technology landscape. 

To get a sneak peek into the compelling content of “Harness The Juice,” readers can access the first chapter on the official book website: 

Alfini’s book stands out from the competition due to his unique expertise, which goes beyond technical implementation and delves into the human and organizational aspects of change. With years of experience, Alfini has honed his skills in overcoming resistance, optimizing processes, and aligning technology with business goals. By bringing a comprehensive approach to technology adoption, he empowers organizations to streamline operations, boost productivity, and foster innovation. 

“My goal is to provide readers with a transformative understanding of technology adoption and equip them with the necessary mindset to navigate the rapid pace of innovation,” says Alfini. “Through ‘Harness The Juice,’ I aim to help organizations identify and address broken processes, cultivate a culture of innovation, and drive successful adoption efforts.” 

Targeting CEOs, business owners, CIOs, CTOs, and managers, Alfini recognizes the pivotal role these decision-makers play in shaping the technology landscape. However, he believes that the knowledge and insights shared in his book can benefit anyone looking to navigate the dynamic world of technology. Whether you’re an aspiring professional, an employee seeking career growth, or simply curious about the changing landscape, “Harness The Juice” offers valuable wisdom to unlock the transformative power of technology. 

“Technology is a powerful tool that can propel businesses toward growth and success,” adds Alfini. “My book aims to inspire, equip, and empower individuals and organizations to embrace the challenges and opportunities presented by the tech tsunami.” 

To secure a copy of “Harness The Juice” and embark on a transformative journey in technology adoption, interested readers can visit Amazon. By choosing Alfini as a trusted guide, readers can unlock the full potential of technology and navigate the complexities of the digital era. 

Invest with Confidence: H10AI’s Venture Capital Solution Automates Data Aggregation for Informed Decision-Making

H10AI, a technology company specializing in AI and RPA tooling and solutions, is launching a Venture Capital solution to help investors make informed decisions and ensure they don’t miss out on the best deals. The solution automates data aggregation, aids investors in their decision-making process, and enables them to communicate confidently with colleagues and the investment committee about why a deal should be advanced.

The Venture Capital solution is user-friendly and includes visual aids that help investors communicate effectively with others involved in the investment process. Investors can upload a deal deck into a shared drive, and within 24 hours, they receive an email or text with a link to a data sheet containing all the necessary information about the deal. H10AI’s solution does the monotonous data collection for investors, saving them time and subscription fees for the platforms they use.

The Venture Capital solution will launch in July and cost $195/month per seat. This includes 10 data sheets, which are billed on a per-deal basis after the initial 10. H10AI’s solution is designed to be affordable and accessible to investors of all sizes.

H10AI’s Venture Capital solution is designed to help investors make informed decisions about deals quickly and confidently. By automating the data collection process and providing user-friendly visual aids, H10AI empowers investors to communicate effectively with colleagues and the investment committee about why a deal should be advanced.

H10AI’s solution is particularly valuable in the current climate, where remote work has become the norm. With the solution’s user-friendly interface and visual aids, investors can communicate effectively and make informed decisions without needing to be in the same physical location.

H10AI’s Venture Capital solution is a valuable tool for investors looking to make informed decisions and ensure they take advantage of the best deals. With its user-friendly interface, visual aids, and affordable pricing, H10AI’s solution is accessible to investors of all sizes. The solution is set to launch in July, and investors can expect to see tangible benefits immediately.

To learn more about H10AI, visit their website.